Introducing a Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

 

 

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INDUSTRIAL AND MODERN WALES (1750 – present)

During the Industrial Revolution, the coal, metals, slate and transport industries of Wales were of international significance. The 1851 census showed more workers in industrial than agricultural employment, making Wales the world’s first industrial nation.

The following are extracts/summaries of the key priorities identified for the period. For the full text, click on the All Wales Final Document link below.

 

  • Wales and the wider world – More assessment of the comparative significance of Welsh industries is needed to inform international initiatives and achieve appropriate recognition.
  • Building stock – Examination of the proliferation of religious, educational and domestic buildings offers opportunities to understand patterns of control and self-advancement, migration and diversity in working communities.
  • Transport corridors – Further study is needed to establish the significance of the canals, roads, railways and ports of Wales.


 

Stack Square cottages which stand adjacent to the ironworks that form part of the Blaenavon World Heritage site. ©Cadw, Welsh Assembly Government (Crown Copyright)

Stack Square cottages which stand adjacent to the ironworks that form part of the Blaenavon World Heritage site.
©Cadw, Welsh Assembly Government (Crown Copyright)

 

 

 

Pontcysyllte aquaduct, Wrexham: a monument of international importance. ©Cadw, Welsh Assembly Government (Crown Copyright)

Pontcysyllte aquaduct, Wrexham: a monument of international importance.
©Cadw, Welsh Assembly Government (Crown Copyright)

 

 

 

Newbridge Memorial Hall, Newbridge: one of the new social institutions for the working communities of south Wales. ©Cadw, Welsh Assembly Government (Crown Copyright)

Newbridge Memorial Hall, Newbridge: one of the new social institutions for the working communities of south Wales.
©Cadw, Welsh Assembly Government (Crown Copyright)